Review Articles
by Franklin M. Harold

Below are selected review articles which were published from 1966 to 2005.

1. F.M. Harold. 1966. Inorganic polyphosphates in biology: structure, metabolism and function. Bacteriol. Reviews 30:772-794.

2. F.M. Harold. 1972. Conservation and transformation of energy by bacterial membranes. Bacteriol. Reviews 36:172-230.3.

3. F.M. Harold. 1974. Chemiosmotic interpretation of active transport in bacteria. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 227:297-31

4. F.M. Harold. 1977. Ion currents and physiological functions in microorganisms. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 31:181-203.

5. F.M. Harold. 1978. The 1978 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Science 202:1174-1176.

6. F.M. Harold. 1985. Why do fungi drive electric currents through themselves?  Experimental Mycology 9:183-186.

7. F.M. Harold and J.H. Caldwell. 1990. Tips and currents: Electrobiology of apical growth.  In: Tip Growth in Plant and Fungal Cells (I.B. Heath, ed), Academic Press, pp 59-90.

8. F.M. Harold. 1990. To shape a cell: an inquiry into the causes of morphogenesis of microorganisms.  Microbiological Reviews 54:381-382.

9. F.M. Harold. 1995. From morphogenes to morphogenesis.  Microbiology (Reading, UK) 141:2765-2778.

10. F.M. Harold and P.C. Maloney. 1996. Energy transduction by ion currents.  In: Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. Cellular and Molecular Biology. F.C. Neidhardt et al., eds. Second ed, Amer. Soc. Microbiol. pp. 283-306.

11. F.M Harold. 1997. How hyphae grow: morphogenesis explained?  Protoplasma 197: 237-247.

12. F.M. Harold. 2001. Gleanings of a chemiosmotic eye. BioEssays 23:848-855.

13. F.M. Harold. 2001. Postscript to Schrödinger: So what is life? ASM News, 67:611-616.

14. F.M. Harold. 2002. Force and compliance: rethinking morphogenesis in walled cells. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 37:271-282.

15. F.M. Harold. 2005. Molecules into cells: Specifying spatial architecture. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 69:544-564.